Common Health Problems in Dog

Being a responsible parent of a pet, it is essential to educate yourself about the common symptoms of a sick dog. Some dog health problems can be difficult to detect. Here are some common health problems in dogs to ensure your pet’s highest quality of life.

1. Obesity

According to recent statistics provided by the owner of, “about 60% of dogs are obese.” Obesity increases arthritis, heart disease, certain types of cancer, diabetes, and hypertension risk in dogs. You can prevent it by providing your dog with a healthy diet and regular exercise. Avoid overfeeding the dog; they need far fewer calories than we do. It is recommended to consult your veterinarian before changing the diet or exercise routine of the dog.

2. Arthritis

“Canine arthritis is joints inflammation, a common health problem in older dogs” according to This condition leads to stiffness and pain in joints, which affect the ability of a dog to exercise. Canine arthritis is treatable. It can be treated with physical therapy, medicine, and homeopathic remedies. For dogs, glucosamine is effective in preventing and eliminating arthritis symptoms.

3. Allergies

Skin allergies are more common in dogs than food allergies and should be managed daily. Most skin allergies manifest in atopic dermatitis form itchy, red, rough skin that can cause an excessive scratch to your dog. Many dogs show skin allergies clinical signs during summer and spring. Allergies can be easily managed but can’t be treated. Dogs can be treated with medications, like Benadryl, while food allergies may require prescription food.

4. Dental Disease

Dog’s dental disease can be different, but usually, it results from an unclean mouth. According to Hills Pet Nutrition, by the age of two, 80% of dogs will show dental disease symptoms. Gum disease (periodontal) is the most common form. In some cases, the teeth of the dog become so rotten with bacteria. It is treated by removing it surgically to prevent the infection from spreading to the skull and the jaw. You can prevent oral disease by taking regular care of your dog’s teeth.

5. Parasites

In dogs, the most common parasites are intestinal parasites, internal parasites, and external parasites. A parasite attaches or enters the body of your dog when it eats contaminated food or if it comes in contact with another animal that has the parasite. Giardia in dogs and Coccidia in puppies are common conditions often spread by contaminated water sources.

6. Benign tumor

Benign tumors are harmless skin lumps. Unlike malignant tumors, they are less likely to spread to other parts of the body or cause serious damage to the dog. If you notice a lump on the skin of your dog, check to see if they are benign. The veterinarian will conduct the tumor tissue biopsy to determine the suitable options for treatment.

7. Ear Infections

Ear infections in dogs occur due to hereditary and environmental factors, including wax buildup in the ear, autoimmune disorders, allergies, and even excessive cleaning. When dogs shake or scratch their head excessively, they have an ear infection. Dark discharge, odor, and swelling or redness in the ear canal can also be ear infection symptoms.


Dogs’ common health problems include arthritis, obesity, allergies, ear infections, dental disease, parasites, and benign tumors.